The amount of milk required to make cheese varies depending on these factors:

- The type of cheese you are making.
- The type of animal’s milk you are using.
*Read: 4 Common Types of Animal’s Milk Used to Make Cheese* - The animal’s breed and grazing condition.
- And the seasons.

Below is the amount of milk needed – from different animals – to produce **2.25 pounds** or **1 kilogram (kg) of cheese**:

Animal | Gallon (Milk) | Liter/Litre (Milk) |
---|---|---|

Cow | 2.5 gallons | 9.46 liters |

Goat | 1.75 gallons | 6.62 liters |

Sheep | 1.5 gallons | 5.67 liters |

Buffalo | 1 gallon | 3.78 liters |

*Did you know?*

*When milk is purchased to make cheese, it is the weight of the solid matter, rather than the volume, that becomes the reference; ultimately, it is the solid matter that creates the curds.*

Also read: Goat Cheese vs. Cow Cheese (THE DIFFERENCES)

## The Amount of Milk An Animal Produces in a Day

Animal | Daily Yield (Gallon) | Daily Yield (Liter) |
---|---|---|

Cow | 5.25 gallons | 19.87 liters |

Goat | 0.5 to 0.75 gallon | 1.89 to 2.83 liters |

Sheep | 0.25 to 0.75 gallon | 0.94 to 2.83 liters |

Buffalo | 1.5 gallons | 5.67 liters |

### Cow’s Milk:

**An average milk cow can produce 5.25 gallons (or 19.87 liters) of milk per day. **

‘High-yield’ cow can produce up to up to 3x of that of an average cow: 16 gallons (or 60 liters)!

Nevertheless, their life expectancy is shorter (5 to 8 years maximum) and they risk suffering complications such as mastitis.

Regular cows, on the other hand, can live ten to fifteen years and suffer little-to-no complications.

### The Amount of Cow’s Milk Needed to Make 1 kg of Cheese:

**2.5 gallons** or **9.46 liters** of cow’s milk are needed to make 2.25 pounds or 1 kg of cheese.

*Did you know?**Apparently there’s an old wives’ tales that suggests cows can predict the weather: it is said that when cows lie down, rain is due. *

### Goat’s Milk:

**A goat in lactation is milked twice per day and can produce 0.5 to 0.75 gallon of milk per day or an average of 185 gallons a year. **

Goats produce double the amount of milk in Spring as compared to Autumn.

### The Amount of Goat’s Milk Needed to Make 1 kg of Cheese:

**1 gallon** or **6.62 liters** of goat’s milk are needed to make 2.25 pounds or 1 kg of cheese.

### Sheep’s (Ewe) Milk:

**Just like goat, a sheep is milked twice per day and depending on the breed, a sheep can produce between 0.25 to 0.75 gallon of milk per day. **

On average, a sheep produces between 50 to 80 gallons of milk per year.

### The Amount of Sheep’s Milk Needed to Make 1 kg of Cheese:

**1.5 gallons** or **5.67 liters** of sheep’s milk are needed to make 2.25 pounds or 1 kg of cheese.

### Water Buffalo’s Milk:

**A buffalo produces 1.5 gallons of milk per day with twice the fat content of cow’s milk, it’s easier to digest and contains 43% less cholesterol. **

In its biological composition, buffalo’s milk is similar to sheep’s milk and is strongly recommended for people with high-cholesterol.

Buffalo’s cheese also has the highest minerals such as iron, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus contents compared to every other cheeses.

### The Amount of Buffalo’s Milk Needed to Make 1 kg of Cheese:

**1.5 gallons** or **3.78 liters** of sheep’s milk are needed to make 2.25 pounds or 1 kg of cheese.

*Fun fact:*

*India and Pakistan are responsible for 90% of buffalo milk-production in the world.*

**Did you know?***While buffaloes belong to the bovid family, the buffalo is not a cow and the two species cannot be crossbred. The buffalo is a highly affectionate animal but very stubborn. It loves water and regularly takes mud baths.*

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