What is Mozzarella di Bufala? Behind the Creaminess

What is Mozzarella di Bufala? Behind the Creaminess - Cheese Origin

Welcome to a world of creamy decadence, where every bite is an indulgent journey of rich, velvety textures and subtly tangy flavors. This is the realm of Mozzarella di Bufala, a culinary gem straight from the heartlands of Italy.

But what makes this cheese so unique, and why does it stand out in a world already brimming with countless varieties of cheese? The answer lies in its production, its origin, and, most importantly, its main ingredient — buffalo milk. This blog post will take you behind the scenes, exploring the intricacies and secrets behind the creaminess of Mozzarella di Bufala.

Quick Facts About Mozzarella di Bufala

OriginMozzarella di Bufala is originally from Italy, specifically the regions of Campania, Lazio, Apulia, and Molise.
Milk TypeIt is made from the milk of water buffaloes, which gives it a richer flavor and texture than mozzarella made from cow’s milk.
Protected StatusHas Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) status, ensuring it adheres to traditional production methods.
AppearanceThe cheese is porcelain-white in color, with a smooth and shiny surface.
TextureIt features a creamy, soft, and moist texture that’s slightly elastic.
TasteIt has a fresh, milky taste with a slight hint of sweetness.
UseCommonly used in salads, pizzas, pastas, and served with tomatoes in the classic Caprese salad.
Shelf LifeIt’s a fresh cheese that should ideally be consumed within a few days of production.
ProductionHandmade by artisan cheese makers, it involves a process called pasta filata or stretched-curd.
Nutritional ValueIt’s high in protein, calcium, and vitamin B2. Low in fat compared to other cheeses.
AvailabilityAlthough traditionally Italian, it’s now produced and available worldwide.
PairingsPairs well with light red and white wines, fresh fruits, and crusty Italian bread.

What is Mozzarella di Bufala?

What is Mozzarella di Bufala?

Mozzarella di Bufala, also known as buffalo mozzarella, is a unique and delicious cheese originating from Italy. It’s made from the milk of the Italian Mediterranean buffalo, a species distinct from the North American buffalo or bison. This cheese is traditionally manufactured in several regions in Italy, including Campania, Lazio, Apulia, and Molise.

Unlike regular mozzarella, which is made from cow’s milk, Mozzarella di Bufala is made from the milk of water buffalo. This difference in milk source results in a cheese that’s creamier, richer, and more flavorful than regular mozzarella. In fact, it has nearly double the fat content, contributing to its luxurious taste and texture.

Mozzarella di Bufala is renowned for its fresh and mild flavor. The cheese is made one day in southern Italy, and then shipped by air the next day to ensure its freshness. Its appearance is distinctive, with a porcelain white color and a creamy texture.

This cheese carries the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) status, ensuring that it adheres to traditional production methods and maintains its high quality. The PDO status also means that true Mozzarella di Bufala can only be produced in specific regions in Italy.

Despite being a delicacy, Mozzarella di Bufala has humble origins. Like many other Italian foods, it started as a simple, everyday fare before gaining international recognition. Today, it’s a beloved ingredient in many dishes, most notably the classic Caprese salad, where it’s paired with ripe tomatoes, fresh basil, olive oil, and sometimes balsamic reduction.

What Does Mozzarella di Bufala Taste Like?

Mozzarella di Bufala has a distinct, rich flavor that separates it from mozzarella made from cow’s milk. It has a fresh, slightly sweet, and tangy taste, with a hint of muskiness from the buffalo milk. The flavor is often described as milky and buttery, with a slightly sour note that adds depth to its overall profile.

The texture of Mozzarella di Bufala also contributes to its taste. It’s incredibly creamy, moist, and soft with a delicate, velvety texture. When cut into, it often releases a creamy whey indicative of its freshness.

It’s important to note that the taste can slightly vary based on factors like the diet of the buffaloes, the time of year, and the specific cheesemaking process.

Mozzarella di Bufala Tasting Notes

Mozzarella di Bufala Tasting Notes
  • Texture: Mozzarella di Bufala is known for its creamy and soft texture. It’s moist and slightly elastic, with a delicate, velvety feel that’s pleasurable on the palate. When fresh, it often releases a creamy whey when cut into.
  • Color: The cheese has a beautiful porcelain-white color, which can sometimes vary to a light cream hue. This is a natural characteristic of buffalo milk.
  • Aroma: Mozzarella di Bufala has a fresh, milky aroma with a slight hint of tanginess. Some people might also detect a faint musky scent indicative of buffalo milk.
  • Taste: The taste of Mozzarella di Bufala is rich, buttery, and slightly sweet with a mild tangy note. There’s a depth to its flavor profile due to the richness of buffalo milk.
  • Aftertaste: The aftertaste is fresh, clean, and lingers just enough to make you want another bite. It leaves a pleasant, slightly sweet, and tangy residue on the palate.
  • Pairings: This cheese pairs beautifully with light red and white wines. It’s also common to serve it with fresh fruits, crusty Italian bread, and tomatoes in the classic Caprese salad. The fresh, creamy taste of the cheese balances well with acidic and fruity flavors.

What is the Difference Between Mozzarella di Bufala and Regular Mozzarella

Comparison AspectMozzarella di BufalaRegular Mozzarella
Milk SourceMade from the milk of Italian Mediterranean buffalo.Typically made from cow’s milk.
Taste and TextureHas a richer, creamier taste with a slight sweetness and tangy finish. The texture is moist and delicate.Taste is lighter and less creamy. Texture can be more rubbery or stringy, especially in low-moisture varieties.
Fat ContentHigher fat content due to the use of buffalo milk, resulting in a richer, creamier cheese.Lower fat content as it’s typically made from cow’s milk.
Production Regions and PDO StatusHolds a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) status and can only be produced in certain regions of Italy.Does not have such restrictions and can be produced anywhere.
AppearancePorcelain white in color.Can vary from white to yellow depending on the diet of the cows.
PriceMore expensive due to the cost of raising buffalo and the traditional methods used in its production.Usually less expensive.

>> Click here to read our in-depth guide on Regular Mozzarella

Is Mozzarella di Bufala Similar to Burrata

Mozzarella di Bufala and Burrata are both Italian cheeses, and they share some similarities but also have distinct differences:


  • Both cheeses are traditionally made from buffalo milk in Italy, although cow’s milk versions are also available.
  • They have a fresh, milky taste and a soft, creamy texture.
  • Both are often used in salads and pasta dishes or served with tomatoes and basil.


  • Production: Mozzarella di Bufala is simply formed into balls after the curdling process. Burrata, on the other hand, is made by forming a pouch of mozzarella and filling it with stracciatella (shredded mozzarella soaked in cream). The pouch is then sealed, creating a unique cheese with a creamy interior.
  • Taste and Texture: While both cheeses are creamy, Burrata is noticeably creamier due to its stracciatella filling. The taste of Burrata is also richer and more buttery compared to the slightly tangy flavor of Mozzarella di Bufala.
  • Appearance: Mozzarella di Bufala is a solid ball of cheese, whereas Burrata has a filled center that spills out when cut open.
  • Shelf Life: Burrata has a shorter shelf life compared to Mozzarella di Bufala and should ideally be consumed within 48 hours.

>> Click here to read our in-depth guide on Burrata

How to Eat Mozzarella di Bufala?

  1. Lasagna: Thinly slice your Mozzarella di Bufala and layer it between pasta sheets and ricotta for a delicious cheese layer in your lasagna.
  2. Salads: The small balls of Mozzarella di Bufala, also known as bocconcini, can be added to salads. Alternatively, you can slice up a big piece and layer it with vine-ripe tomatoes.
  3. With Bread or on Pizza: Buffalo mozzarella can be served with bread, in calzones, or on pizza.
  4. Fresh: Fresh mozzarella is delicious just as it is or with a bit of salt and pepper, basil or fresh marjoram, or oregano, and topped off with a good extra virgin olive oil.
  5. In Recipes with Burrata: Since both cheeses are similar, you can use Mozzarella di Bufala in recipes that call for burrata cheese.

Remember, always eat it with a plate underneath as it’s usually more moist than other types of mozzarella. Also, it’s ideal to consume Mozzarella di Bufala within 24 hours, without storing it in the fridge. If you must store it, ensure it remains immersed in its liquid.

10 Best Mozzarella di Bufala Substitutes

Regular MozzarellaA good substitute due to its similar taste and texture. It’s not as creamy as buffalo mozzarella, but it will still melt well and provide a good cheese pull.
BurrataThis is a great option if you want something creamier. Burrata is made from mozzarella and cream, so it has a similar flavor profile with an even richer texture.
ProvoloneAnother Italian cheese that melts well and provides a similar savory flavor. It’s a bit stronger in taste compared to mozzarella.
RicottaWhile it doesn’t melt as well, ricotta can provide the same creamy texture when used in recipes that don’t require melting the cheese.
MuensterThis cheese has a mild flavor and melts well, making it a good substitute in dishes where mozzarella’s melting properties are needed.
Monterey JackKnown for its mild flavor and excellent melting properties, which make it a good stand-in for mozzarella in many recipes.
GoudaGouda is a semi-hard cheese with a rich, unique flavor and smooth texture. It can be a good substitute, especially in baked dishes.
FontinaAn Italian cow’s milk cheese that can be used as a substitute due to its mild and slightly sweet flavor. It also melts very well.
Bel PaeseAn
Italian semi-soft cheese that could work as a substitute. It has a mild, buttery flavor.
Queso de BolaAlso known as Edam cheese, it can be a good substitute for mozzarella due to its similar texture and mild flavor.

What Pairs Well With Mozzarella di Bufala?

What Pairs Well With Mozzarella di Bufala?

With Fresh Fruits and Vegetables:

  • Tomatoes: One of the most classic pairings is with fresh, ripe tomatoes in a Caprese salad.
  • Peaches or Figs: The sweet flavors of these fruits can complement the creaminess of the cheese.
  • Cucumbers and Olives: They provide a crunchiness and saltiness that pairs well with the soft texture and mild flavor of the cheese.

With Bread and Pasta:

  • Bruschetta: Top off a slice of toasted bread with buffalo mozzarella, tomatoes, and basil.
  • Pasta: Add buffalo mozzarella to pasta dishes for a creamy element.

With Meats:

  • Prosciutto: The saltiness of cured ham complements the creaminess of the cheese.
  • Chicken: Mozzarella di Bufala can be used in dishes like chicken parmigiana.

With Seafood:

  • Anchovies: The strong flavor of these small fish pairs well with the mild cheese.
  • Shrimp or Lobster: The sweet and delicate flavors of these shellfish work well with the cheese.

Wine Pairings:

  • White Wines: Pinot Grigio, Vermentino, and Soave are excellent choices.
  • Red Wines: Light-bodied reds like Barbera d’Alba or Valpolicella can also pair well.

Condiments and Extras:

  • Olive Oil: A drizzle of good-quality extra virgin olive oil can bring out the flavor of the cheese.
  • Balsamic Vinegar: A dash of balsamic vinegar can provide a sweet and tangy contrast.
  • Fresh Herbs: Basil, oregano, or marjoram can add a fresh and aromatic component to the pairing.

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